A Cognition-based Study of Color Word Metaphor
Metaphor is believed by contemporary cognitive theory that creates from a source domain to another target domain by mapping, and it means to use one categorical understanding to set up or explain another categorical understanding. And color words is the word used to describe the color of object in language. Research on color words is a bridge to know the problem of the relationship between the language and the cognition. Among them, the cognition of color word metaphor is an important tool for human beings to cognize the world. This thesis aims to study the color words of the English and Chinese language from two cognitive aspects: the realistic source and cultural source, and get the following conclusion: the human own the same physiology mechanism and the sense of vision system result in the color world metaphor thus get the similarities; and because of the different cognition way, thinking habit, historical background, traditional customs, social system and idea, the color word metaphor also exists certain differences. Therefore, Understand and master the differences of the color word metaphor can help to get a better understanding of the Eastern and Western culture and also is good to translation practice.
Key Words: color word; metaphor; cognitive linguistics; civilized source; real source